Diabetes is a problem a lot of people. Moreover, these diseases often cause complications that often trouble the sufferer. One of the complications that are often experienced by the emergence of diabetic retinopathy (a complication of diabetes on the retina), glaucoma and disorders of the central retina (macula), which can lead to vision impairment to blindness.
Dr Ian Yeo Yew San, an eye specialist who served as a consultant at the Singapore National Eye Centre is incorporated in a healthy tourist services, FlyFreeForHealth, said, "Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness in the retina of the most common in adults, especially those working in developing countries."
As many as 80 percent of cases of blindness in humans should be avoided. Often, it is caused by complications of diabetes and other medical conditions. The longer affected by diabetes, the higher the possibility of getting damaged eye blood vessels.
"About 60% of patients had diabetes for 50 years or more will be damaged blood vessels in the eye, and one percent are at risk of blindness," Dr. Yeo.
According to the National Health Survey in 2004 in Singapore, 8.9% of men and 7.6% of women are affected by diabetes. Rate of diabetes in India is the highest number, ie 15.3%, Malaysia 11%, and China 7.1%. These statistics would be a guide for other Asian countries.
"Successful Treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends on early detection and the type of treatment," added Dr. Yeo
Sugar or glucose is the energy source for cells. The average normal blood glucose level in humans is about 4 mM (4 mmol / L or 72 mg / dL).
When blood sugar levels are in the normal range, it can be an indicator of a medical condition. High blood sugar is constantly referred to as hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia if it's low.
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia and is the most prominent disease related to failure of blood sugar control.
As reported menshealth, Tuesday (30/3/2010), the following ways to control blood sugar:
Exercise at least 20 to 30 minutes every day. No exercise and poor eating can worsen a person's insulin resistance. Choose a favorite sport in order not to feel bored.
2. Adding cinnamon to food
Studies show cinnamon can increase insulin sensitivity. This means your body will require less insulin to keep blood sugar levels. Adding cinnamon to the desserts can suppress blood sugar levels without losing sweetness.
3. If blood glucose is high, consumption of alpha lipoic acid
"Supplements are not invincible as blood sugar and nutrients prescribed in Europe," says Jonny Bowden, Ph.D., CNS, author of The Most Effective Natural Cures on Earth. Bowden recommends 300 mg twice daily.
4. Avoid energy drinks are sweet
University of Massachusetts scientists recently discovered that exercise increases insulin sensitivity by 40 percent when a deficit of 500 calories has been made, but did not result in an increase of energy when burned immediately replaced with carbohydrate sports drinks sweet.
5. Glucose Monitor
This will allow to know how certain foods and drinks affect blood sugar. Enough with the finger prick 2 hours after eating. The amount should not be more than 139 mg / dL, and should not be less than 100 mg / dL. If out of range, you need the oral glucose tolerance test.
6. For snacks, eat pumpkin or sunflower seeds
A little snack will not affect blood sugar. And according to a 2006 study from researchers at Tufts University, snack-snack is rich in magnesium that can fight insulin resistance.
7. Eat every 2 to 3 hours once
Eat 2-3 hours can be a fruit or low sugar juice. Eating with this frequency will help maintain stable blood sugar and prevent overeating.
8. Health check
If you are using a thiazide diuretic for hypertension, consult with your doctor to switch to ACE inhibitors. In 2006, a review of the 59 drugs Hypertension, found there was a strong relationship between low potassium levels caused by diuretics and increased blood sugar.
If you suffer from blood sugar disease or better known as diabetes, can be hard pressed to find any food that can be eaten. Afraid that the sugar content of these foods can increase blood sugar levels. There are several types of food remains safe for consumption by diabetics, without having to suffer the taste.
Here is a 10 'super food' for those who have problems with diabetes:
All types of vegetables have low calories and high in fiber. Because of the high fiber content, makes your stomach feel full faster, thereby reducing the consumption of rice is quite high sugar content. If you feel less full because the rice used, you can replace starchy vegetables, such as potatoes or corn.
Fruits have many advantages together with vegetables. The majority of the fruit contains fiber and low in fat and low in calories compared to other foods. Fruits contain natural sugars that will not make your blood sugar shot up. But there are some types of fruit are good for consumption by diabetics, that all kinds of berries. In addition because it is not too sweet, kind of berry-berry also contains antioxidants that are good for the body.
Grains such as soybeans, peas, not only as a source of fiber which makes you feel full longer, but nuts also help keep blood sugar levels normal.
The breakfast menu is healthy and tasty cereal or oatmeal. Contains high fiber and a source of energy to start the day. Eating cereal is not only good for diabetics but also good for your heart ksehatan.
Fish is a source of protein and contains omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are good for heart health, and avoid the bad cholesterol. And usually people with diabetes had higher levels of HDL, 'good cholesterol' in very small amounts.
6. Chicken breast
Chicken breast, is the part that sometimes frequent ditinggalakan people. Though chicken breast is the most free of fat compared to the other parts. So it does not increase the saturated fat in the body.
Nuts are also sources of protein sources other than vegetable fats that are good for heart health. These fats have even been shown to help reduce insulin resistance and making it easier for blood sugar control. Nuts are also a source of vitamin E, an antioxidant that protects the cells of the eye and also full of fiber and magnesium, both of which can help regulate your blood sugar.
8. Olive Oil
Olive oil has long believed is very good for the heart. Fat content helps reduce the risk of heart disease and has been shown to help maintain stable blood sugar levels by reducing insulin resistance.
Yogurt is rich in protein and calcium. In addition to maintaining a stable weight, yogurt also menyeimbagnkan insulin levels in the body.
Many people often do not realize that he had diabetes or diabetes mellitus, diabetes symptoms because sometimes unconsciously.
Reported by USNews, Monday (25/10/2010), the following 8 indicators of diabetes are not recognized and surprising:
1. Large breast size
According to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, women with bra sizes D or more at age 20 years, 5 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes (due to lifestyle). This is because breast size is a significant factor of body mass index (BMI).
2. Eyebrow color
When part of your body hair to gray but the color remains dark eyebrows, then you should immediately check blood glucose levels. This is because diabetes can hamper the process of hair graying eyebrows.
3. Month of birth
New research published in the American Diabetes Association, showed that the month of birth plays a role in the development of type 1 diabetes. The results showed that babies born in the spring are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes. The exact cause is unknown, but researchers suspect this is because the mother's diet or exposure to solar radiation.
4. Hearing loss
We recommend that you do not ignore the disturbances in the sense of hearing, because hearing loss has now been linked to diabetic complications. People with diabetes are 2 times more likely to experience hearing loss.
5. Short leg
Studies at Johns Hopkins University found that men with shorter legs were more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than long-legged males. This does not mean that a high impact on the risk of diabetes, but the ratio of leg length. This finding suggests something deeper between the risk of diabetes and fetal development.
6. Tooth decay
According to the Harvard Schools of Public Health and Dental Medicine, people who have periodontal disease or tooth loss are at increased risk for diabetes. The study found that people who have lost teeth increases the risk of diabetes for both sexes by 14-29 percent, while periodontal disease is considered as a complication of diabetes.
7. Hair loss
Diabetic patients with atherosclerosis might also experience hair loss or thinning hair. This happens because there is thickening of the artery walls narrow throughout the body, including the skin. Narrow blood vessels mean less oxygen, which causes symptoms such as hair loss and skin shiny and thickened. Hair loss is not just limited to one particular area of the body.
8. Exposure to pesticides
Based on the Agricultural Health Study, farmers are often exposed to pesticides may increase the risk of diabetes, given the long-term exposure to pesticides and herbicides have been found to increase the risk of diabetes.
The results of various large clinical trials have shown that treatment with ACE inhibitors or AIIRA (Cancer groups) can prevent or slow the onset of diabetes, which reduce about 15-30% of new-onset diabetes mellitus.
Research on losartan alone (LIFE: Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction) reduced the risk of new-onset diabetes about 25%.
Although the exact mechanism is not known clearly, allegedly the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays an important role in glucose homeostasis.
Several mechanisms RAA system inhibitors in reducing the incidence of new-onset diabetes, among others:
Protective effect against the cell? pancreas by inhibiting vasoconstriction and fibrotic effects of angiotensin II in the pancreas.
Improves insulin sensitivity by increasing blood flow to skeletal muscle.
Inhibit the adverse effects of angiotensin II on insulin signaling pathway via protein kinase C signaling in skeletal muscle and cardiovascular tissue (causing insulin resistance).
Improving glucose transport by increasing the expression of muscle GLUT -4.
Activation of PPARg system (regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats).
Facilitating change of preadiposit into mature adipocytes cells (angiotensin II is known to inhibit the change preadiposit into mature adipocytes cell, which would lead to accumulation of fat in tissues other than mature adipocytes, the liver, muscle and pancreas so that it will lead to insulin resistance
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